Baccarat – A Casino Card Game With III Phases and a Bit of History

Before I explain this Baccarat game that dates back to the 15th Century, let’s review a brief bit of history. Americans got their first real glimpse of this casino game during the 1962 James Bond movie, Dr. No, when Bond, played by Sean Connery, was winning in a Monte Carlo casino. The game was Chemin de fer.

Phase I – Chemin de fer

In this original version Players wagered among themselves and won or lost with their own money. A dealer shoe rotated around the table counterclockwise after each hand. Players could decline the bank and pass the shoe to the next player. A 5% commission for winning bank hands paid to the house was to cover the casino overhead.

Phase II – Punto Banco

Punto Banco, meaning Player, Banker, was introduced in Nevada from Cuba in the late 1950’s, where it was very popular until Castro closed he mob run casinos. The main difference from the French version is that the house banks the game. A tie bet was added to increase the house edge, and the 5% commission to the house for a winning bank bet remains in place. Eventually the name baccarat, Italian for zero, was coined. Today baccarat is played in high limit rooms throughout the world where millions are won and lost each day.

Phase III – Mini-Baccarat

Eventually gaming establishments saw profit potential with Baccarat however they had to make it attractive to the average player. Hence, a new version was born, Mini-Baccarat.The rules for this game are exactly the same as Punto Banco except one house dealer controls he game for up to seven players. Table minimums are as low as $5 or $10. Numerous optional side bets have been added to increase the house edge.

How to Play Baccarat

The objective of baccarat is for the player to come as close to the number 9 as possible. Aces count as one, 2’s – 9’s are face value and 10’s – K’s count as zero.

Regardless of the number of players, the dealer only deals two hands from a six or eight deck shoe. Prior to the deal players must first place one bet on either the bank hand, player hand, or tie. Croupiers pass the shoe so players have the option in turn to deal the cards. In Mini-Baccarat, the shoe remains in place and the dealer controls all the action.

When a hand is totaled, it cannot exceed 9. If the two cards total more than 9, the first digit is dropped. The second digit becomes the total. Ex: 7,8=15. (the 1 is dropped) total = 5.

Baccarat requires no skill to play. All the player needs to do is place one bet before the deal. The dealer examines both hands to determine if a third and final card should be drawn. The determination is made according to a fixed set of game rules. Here they are:

Game Rules for Player Bet

The player position always draws on a 0, 1, and 2,3,4,5, unless the banker has a natural 8 or 9. Player always stands on 6,7,8, and 9. When the play bet has a natural 8 or 9, the game is over.

Game Rules for Banker Bet

The banker position always draws on a 0, 1, and 2 unless the player has a natural 8 or 9. The banker always stands on 7,8, and 9. When a banker has a natural 8 or 9, the game is over.

Strategy

No playing strategy is required. Always bet the bank which has the lowest house edge at 1.06%, even with the 5% commission owed to the house. A player bet has a house edge of 1.24% while the tie bet that pays 8 to 1 has a whopping house edge of 14%!. This bet is not recommended. A number of optional side bets at the mini tables have house edges from 2 to 13%. These are not recommended.

Good luck!

BEANO to Bingo – History of Bingo

BINGO was originated in 16th century in ITALY. Before that a game known as “LOTTERY”was introduced which got popular within people and government. The first state that introduced this gambling game was “Lo Giuoco del Lotto d’Italia”. On years passing the name LOTTERY was changed to BINGO. Though the name was changed but the craze for this game had been on a large scale.

According to history of BINGO, at first it was named as “BEANO” and it was competed at a festival in Atlanta, Georgia. Later Mr. Edwin S. Lowe a salesman from New York named this game as “BINGO”, after that he overheard someone unexpectedly squalled “Bingo” for “Beano”. Later he engaged with a Mathematics Professor, Carl Leffler from Columbia University, to alter the probability of playing bingo cards. By 1039, he had ex-cogitated 6,000 dissimilar bingo cards.

Bingo is played in big halls with cash prizes. This Bingo game is played in every sea side towns. This is a card game of minimum size 5*5 grid. The Prizes may vary for these games but on average the prize worth for one line is £1.00 to £2.50. For two lines the prize worth may be £2.00 to £5.00. For Full house the prize worth may be £5.00 to £10.00. These prize values may vary depending on the organizer.

In large towns and cities Bingo is a Big Business and people are deadly earnest, hoping to win huge jackpots.

Bingo game comes under Gambling category. This game was played on cards. These cards are known as “Bingo Cards” having 3 rows and 9 columns, normally come in Books. A single book may contain 10 cards of different colors.

The numbers are announced by caller, so everyone must pay attention to the number that are yelled out and mark them correctly and precise on your cards. The caller yells out numbers until one or more players claim BINGO. If the player finished the first or second or third row then according to the organizer the prize was awarded. If all the numbers are stricken off in a card, this is known as House. Then the game stops and the numbers are verified. If there is a winner, the prizes are awarded.

Computer had changed the way of bingo game in bingo halls. Now a day, Bingo became portable and is able to play multiple cards at a time. The caller shouts the numbers; players have to punch the accurate numbers. These punched cards are scanned in a computer and then checks whether they are correct or not. If they are correct then the player shouts “BINGO”. There are many electronic bingo devices with different colors and sound effects.

At present we can download the tickets or the cards of bingo from online, or we can also book the tickets. While playing online the tickets are selected randomly. Every online game has a caller and announces the numbers, in some games the numbers are stricken off automatically. There are many online bingo game sites. Where a player can register, play and win prizes and also some jackpots.

History and Types of Card Games

Any traditional or specific game with playing cards is called card game. A card game is played with a pack of cards which are identical in shape and size. Card playing history dates back to the 10th century were Central Asia is supposed to have taken the first effort in introducing card games. But documents show that Chinese put the card games in to effect, trying newer techniques.

From Islamic empire, cards entered Europe with pictures of swords and cup symbols. In Europe these were replaced by representations of Kings and Knights. These Islamic cards also entered Spain. Those were also the days were we had hand painted cards with beautiful representations. There were traditional designs as well as fancy cards.

France gave vent to the idea of simple designs and pictures on the cards and those we use today saw their beginning in France. Thus spades, diamonds and hearts began to be used more on cards. It then began to be used in England and then in America.

About 1800, Americans began using their cards. They invented Joker, the highest card in the game of Euchre.

The first pack of card in Europe comprised of 52 cards in total. This was further enhanced by the idea of adding more cards to the number and thus was born the idea of tarot pack. They contained 78 cards at first and this was extended to 97 and more.

New fashion and techniques came up and newer ideas began to be employed in the cards in a very large scale. As a result numeral cards were replaced by design cards. Till date many transformations happened in the field of cards and it has become a trend to use the latest in the card playing field.

A set of generally accepted rules will be maintained in playing card games and the flexible dealing is done before the actual game starts. There are different types of card games. They are, trick taking games, gambling card games, Solitaire games, Collectible card games, etc.

1. Trick taking games

Card games with a different play structure are called as trick taking games. These games use the concept of a trick, were during each trick each player puts one card from his hand. When everyone finishes playing a card to the trick, they are turned face down and removed from play. One player will have the lead for each trick and other players play according to their physical position.

There are also variations in trick taking games like Positive trick taking games, Exact prediction trick taking games, Final trick games, and more. This also involves Cassino, Hearts, Pinochle, Spades, Seuca, Whist etc.

2. Gambling card games

Gambling games or casino games can be further divided into various sections like beatable and unbeatable casino games. Beatable casino games include poker games, blackjack, video poker and the like. Unbeatable casino games include Baccarat, Craps, Roulette, 3-card poker, 4-card poker, Keno and lot more.

3. Solitaire games

These are single player card games with details varying in character. These involve dealing cards from a shuffled deck in a special arrangement. There are different solitaire games like Ace of the Pile, Calculation, Concentration, FreeCell, Kings in the Corner, etc.

4. Collectible card games

Collectible card games are otherwise known as customizable card games. They are played using specially designed set of cards. They follow a set of rules by which the cards interact. They are distributed as sealed packs with subsets of the available cards. This includes starter set, theme deck and starter deck.

Depending upon the number of people play and the interest of the players in general, the type of card game can be decided. It can also be decided based on the complexity of rules in the card game, how well it suits the present group who play, skill of the players and also the time needed for the game. Whichever type the game is, it is after all a matter of fun at last even though the involvement of money has a role to play in playing cards.

Gambling History: How Far Back Do Gambling Games Go? Possibly With the Egyptian Pharaohs

At what period in history did people start to gamble? The exact period is unknown but believe it or not, pairs of dice have been found in Egyptian tombs over 4,000 years old! Also, gambling games were played in ancient China, where Poker is thought to have originated. In 1492 during the Columbus landing, Native Americans were sports betting on the outcome of a game resembling LaCross. So when did it all start in America? Read on.

Early America

Gambling in America started with the first English settlers in the 1600's. Their traditions included card games that were part of the aristocratic lifestyle. However, when Puritans colonized in Massachusetts Bay they had the freedom to create their own culture which included hostility towards gambling. They outlawed the possession of dice, cards, and gambling table games in their communities. Nevertheless, gambling prevailed in other localities. Many English colonists considered gambling to be a suitable form of entertainment.

The Revolution

The colony of Virginia was the first to realize that lotteries could raise capital for local governments. Eventually all 13 colonies were raising lottery revenue. Proceeds helped build Universities like Harvard, Yale, and Princeton. Lotteries also funded churches and libraries. Founding Fathers George Washington, Ben Franklin, and John Hancock were promoters of specific lotteries for public works projects. When the Revolutionary War started, the Continental Congress voted for a $ 10 million lottery to finance the war.

Westward Ho

During the early 1800's the taverns and road houses allowed dice and card games, creating the first version of casinos. As America's population began to increase, casinos became more lavish. The Mississippi River was a major trade route where merchants and entrepreneurs brought their cash. Gambling on riverboats became a favorite pastime and New Orleans became the gambling capitol of America. In 1849 gambling followed the pioneers to California during the gold rush. Gambling establishments began to flourish there and west of the Mississippi, including Nevada. In the late 1800's Roulette was adopted from France and the Slot Machine was invented.

Much of the public viewed gambling as a social ill because it was linked to alcoholism and prostitution. Reformers convinced jurisdictions to shut down the Dens of Iniquity. Most states discontinued lotteries as well. Riverboat gambling dried up with the advent of the railroad. By the end of the century only Nevada allowed gambling.

20th Century

In 1910 Nevada finally shut the door on gambling, which left horse race wagering the only legal entity in America. In 1912 Arizona and New Mexico were granted statehood under the condition that gambling remain outlawed. During the 1920's prohibition era, the public's thirst for gambling matched that of alcohol. Casinos went underground along with the speakeasys. In 1931 Nevada legalized gambling again and remained the only state to do so until the latter half of the century. Gambling flourished underground as organized crime made heavy investments in Nevada, and prospered by controlling off track betting and the numbers lottery .

During the 1950's the US Senate investigated organized crime's link to illegal gambling. Eventually the mob departed Las Vegas. States put bookies out of business by legalizing off track betting and numbers games. Atlantic City approved gambling in 1976, the Indian Gaming Act was approved by congress in the late 1980's. Dockside riverboat gambling made a comeback, racetracks installed slot machines while Las Vegas reinvented itself by building mega resorts during the 1990's.

Century 21

The American Gaming Association reported that there are 832,988 slot machines spread out over 1,151 casinos and racetracks across 44 states with more on the way. It appears that the American culture's thirst for gambling matches that of the Egyptian Pharaohs! America has embraced gambling as an acceptable form of entertainment.